Categories
Psychiatry disorders

Depression

Depression is a state of low mood . It can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, motivation, feelings, and sense of well-being. It may feature sadness, difficulty in thinking and concentration and a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping. People experiencing depression may have feelings of hopelessness and, sometimes, suicidal thoughts. It can either be short term or long term. The core symptom of depression is said to be anhedonia, which refers to loss of interest or a loss of feeling of pleasure in certain activities that usually bring joy to people. Depressed mood is a symptom of some mood disorders such as major depressive disorder or dysthymia; it is a normal temporary reaction to life events, such as the loss of a loved one; and it is also a symptom of some physical diseases and a side effect of some drugs and medical treatments.

Symptoms:

Hopeless, Lost interest, Increased fatigue and sleep problems, Anxiety, Irritability, Changes in appetite and weight, Uncontrollable emotions and Looking at death.

Treatment:

If you have had some of the mentioned symptoms for more than two weeks, you might be suffering from major depression disorder.

there are varying treatments available, from lifestyle changes to medications.

Three of the more common methods used in depression treatment include cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, and psychodynamic therapy.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is now the most common class used for depression. Examples include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), and sertraline (Zoloft).